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Latissimus Dorsi Reconstruction and - Post - Your Core P

The Latissimus Dorsi Flap was first developed in the 1970s and is most often combined with a tissue expander or implant to create a pleasing aesthetic appearance. The soft tissue used in the flap creates a more natural looking breast shape than an implant alone, although a thin patient with small breast volume may have the flap alone as her. Metastatic Breast Cancer, Free TRAM Flap. BETH (updated November 2007) age 41. Lumpectomy Defect and Radiation, Latissimus Dorsi and Implants. DONNA (updated October 2007) age 47. Left Free TRAM Flap, Right Latissimus Dorsi and Implant Latissimus flap breast reconstruction uses skin, fat and muscle (latissimus dorsi) from the back, beneath the shoulder blade area. The tissue (flap) is brought around to the chest to create a new breast. Viewing before and after photos is a great way to help you decide which procedure is best for your needs. Before The TDAP procedure is a modification of the latissimus dorsi flap procedure and leaves the latissimus muscle intact. It transplants a perforating branch of the thoracodorsal artery with a paddle of skin and fat to close the area on the front of the chest. It was exactly the answer to my prayers

BC Reconstruction with latissimus dorsi flap - Breast

Immediate breast reconstruction with a latissimus dorsi flap has no detrimental effects on shoulder motion or postsurgical complications up to 1 year after surgery. Plas¬tic and Reconstructive Surgery, 131(5), 673e-680e The latissimus dorsi (LD) flap is a standard procedure for breast reduction and was first used in the 1970s. The latissimus dorsi flap is usually combined with a tissue expander or implant, to allow Dr. Seify more options and increased control over the aesthetic appearance of the breast once it is reconstructed In a latissimus dorsi flap procedure, an oval flap of skin, fat, muscle, and blood vessels from your upper back is used to reconstruct the breast. This flap is moved under your skin around to your chest to rebuild your breast. The blood vessels (artery and veins) of the flap are left attached to their original blood supply in your back As the first myocutaneous flap, the latissimus dorsi flap was described already in 1896 by Tansini [] and used for defect coverage following radical mastectomy by D'Este in 1912 [].Despite its excellent suitability for chest wall reconstruction, the flap did not become popular until the 1970s, when a number of publications appeared, in which the previously described advantages were confirmed.

Van Huizum M,A., Hoornweg M,J., de Ruiter N., Oudenhoven E., Joris Hage J. and Veeger D,J. (2016) Effect of latissimus dorsi flap breast reconstruction on the strength profile of the upper extremity. Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, 50 (4): 202-207. pmid:27046453 . View Article PubMed/NCB Fabulous After Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Reconstruction. If you've just had a breast reconstruction and your surgeon utilized the Latissimus Dorsi Flap procedure, you'll want to know about this helpful yoga position called Balasana.. Once your incisions have healed, the drains have been removed, you are no longer sore and your surgeon says it's okay, I recommend doing this yoga. Like all surgery, latissimus dorsi flap surgery has some risks. Many of the risks associated with latissimus dorsi flap surgery are the same as the risks for mastectomy.If you've had an implant inserted along with latissimus dorsi reconstruction, there are also risks unique to implant reconstruction.However, there are some risks that are unique to latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction The latissimus dorsi flap breast reconstruction is a procedure that uses skin, fat, and muscle from the upper back (the flap) to rebuild the breast shape after a mastectomy.Though some tissue flaps are used by themselves to reconstruct the breast, the latissimus dorsi flap is often used in conjunction with a breast implant.The procedure gets its name from the latissimus dorsi, the large. The latissimus dorsi flap is an oval section of skin, fat, blood vessels and muscle that is transferred from the upper back to the front of the chest to reconstruct the breast mound. The blood vessels remain attached to their original source. Dr. Zampell is able to sculpt and refine the tissue so that it appears as a natural and attractive breast

My story: breast reconstruction Breast Cancer No

Latissimus Dorsi Flap Reconstruction. mmsmax. Posts: 9 Joined: Jun 2009 Jun 24, 2009 - 1:11 pm. I had Lat Dorsi Flap Reconstruction Surgery on May 29th, 2009. Last week, I had the third drain removed, even though I was still producing too much fluid. I see my doctor tomorrow, and I am so swollen, I know he will have to do needle aspirations The latissimus flap is a pretty standard breast reconstruction method, first utilized way back in the 1970's. Your surgeon will take a flap from your latissimus dorsi muscle (located on your back), with or without attached skin. The flap is elevated off of the back and brought around under the skin under your arm to the front of the chest wall After she recovered, she had a latissimus dorsi flap procedure, which allowed her surgeon to move skin and tissue from her back to repair the radiated area before placing a new implant. She said the practice was an integral part of her support system throughout her own experience and later on, when her mother also received a breast cancer.

The latissimus is now rearranged to pull from the same angle as the pectoralis major. Usually, this does not cause a problem, but that's not to say it never does. It's not really practical to actually reverse a latissimus flap, in the sense of putting it exactly back where it was Latissimus Dorsi - Trigger Point Anatomy. When the insertion of the latissimus dorsi is flexed, the muscle plays a role in tilting the pelvis in an anterolateral direction. A bilateral contraction leads to hyperextension of the lower back, with accompanying anterior tilting of the pelvis. A muscle this size, covering so much of the.

Need advice on latissimus dorsi flap Cancer Cha

Jeff was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2012. He had a total mastectomy with a lymph node dissection. Of the 37 lymph nodes tested, 36 turned out to be malignant. He immediately proceeded with chemotherapy and radiation. The treatment seemed successful: the cancer was at bay, he was well maintained on Tamoxifen with monthly checkups, and Jeff. However, even a mild latissimus dorsi strain can cause some pretty severe pain because it is such a diverse muscle in charge of so many different movements. The stories that I usually hear in conjunction with a strained latissimus dorsi go something like this: I was working out in my yard yesterday The latissimus dorsi free flap then is a muscle from my back (under the shoulder blade) which will be removed with the skin still attached. The benefit to this particular muscle is that it is fed with a long vein which can be transplanted in one piece into another part of the body and blood supply connected into a local vein or artery A right latissimus dorsi flap with placement of a tissue expander and a left under the pectoralis muscle tissue expander was performed for salvage of the reconstruction. After 5 months of tissue expansion, the tissue expanders were exchanged for a left 480cc ultra high profile smooth Mentor silicone implant with a periareolar mastopexy and a.

Latissimus Dorsi flap reconstruction Cancer Survivors

She suggested waiting until later in July and having a TUG Flap surgery. I really didn't want to do this due to all the risks and complications that we had previously talked about at my consult appt in February. She suggested doing a Latissimus Dorsi Flap surgery with an expander This flap reconstruction involves rotating the skin, latissimus muscle, and overlying fatty tissue from the back to the chest. The incision used to harvest the flap from the back is easily hidden in the bra line. The latissimus dorsi muscle is located on your back, just below the shoulder and behind your underarm

The main reasons for having a latissimus dorsi flap in addition to a breast expander or implants (rather than expander or implant alone) include: You have had radiation: implants and radiation generally don't mix well. The rates of complications, requiring revision of reconstruction, are as high as 30-40% in this scenario The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap continues to be one of the workhorse flaps used in Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. The words latissimus dorsi means broadest of the back and it is this characteristic that allows it to cover large defects locally, regionally, and for distant transfer

Back (latissimus dorsi flap). This surgical technique takes skin, fat and muscle from your upper back, tunneling it under your skin to your chest. Because the amount of skin and other tissue is generally less than in a TRAM flap surgery, this approach may be used for small and medium-sized breasts or for creating a pocket for a breast implant Code 19357 is separately reportable if used in flap reconstruction, such as a lat dorsi flap (19361). Code 11971 has a change in the descriptor, where the term breast implant has replaced the term breast prothesis. Code 11971 should not be reported in conjunction with 11970. If more-extensive capsular revisions are performed, use code.

Latissimus dorsi flap breast reconstruction is a technique that uses the muscle running beneath the armpit and diagonal across the back to recreate the breast. It is a great technique for women who do not have much abdominal fat, but still desire the superior softness and natural contour that a muscle flap offers By doing the latissimus dorsi flap, it would help minimize the risk of infection and allow for more skin elasticity and a more desired outcome by using healthy tissue from my back. I was grateful to have a surgeon who explained the process in great detail but also spent a lot of time on the internet doing my own research so I knew what to expect

A Verified Doctor answered. Careful stretching.: Avoid pull downs until it has healed. You can do curls, triceps and exercises with the upper arms close to the body. 90,000 U.S. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more Breast Reconstruction (Latissimus Dorsi Flap) Breast Reconstruction (Nipple/Areola/Skin Sparring) Breast Reconstruction (Transverse Rectus Abdominus Muscle - TRAM) Capsulectomy (Implant Exchange) Deep Dermabrasion (Laser Resurfacing) Endoscopic Surgery (Browlift) Facial Augmentation (Implants) Facial Autologous Fat Transfer (Fat Grafting latissimus dorsi Flap. i previously had an implant after mascetomy and radiation. I also had a mascetomy and implant on the other breast as I have the BRCA gene. On the breast cancer side, my implant came through the skin, resulting in removal. Im quite thin and my surgeon mention back flap In a latissimus dorsi (LD) flap, an oval patch of skin, fat, muscle and blood vessels is removed from your upper back to rebuild the breast. The tissue from your back is moved to your chest with the arteries and veins still attached. However, most women do not have enough fatty tissue on their backs, so an implant or tissue expander is often used The latissimus dorsi flap is located on the back below the shoulder and is a muscle reliably used for many types of reconstructive surgery. This surgical technique may be used for both types of breast reconstruction: immediate or delayed. The latissimus muscle blood supply is the thoracodorsal artery, which is located in the axilla

Testimonials Breast Reconstruction Restoring What

From 2009 to 2012, Dr. Lee used the scarless latissimus dorsi flap for 30 breast reconstructions in 20 women. It's not a new idea to use flaps based on the latissimus dorsi muscle—the largest muscle of the back—for breast reconstruction A latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction does have some advantages, such as being close to the donor site as well as the blood vessels it requires. Perhaps, the ideal candidate for this surgery is a. Latissimus dorsi myocutaneous (LD) flap is a type of breast reconstruction surgery that utilizes the muscle, fat, and skin from the upper back. The latissimus flap is lifted from the back area and rotated around to the chest area through a small tunnel on your side. The tissue stays attached at all times to its blood supply from the arm pit area In part two of my fascial layers blog, I wrote about aponeuroses being thick sheets of connective tissue that serve as attachment sites for some muscles. One of those muscles that has a point of origin on the thoracolumbar aponeurosis is the very large, thin and superficial back and arm muscle known as the latissimus dorsi, or the lats A latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is a form of breast reconstruction that transplants the patient's own latissimus dorsi muscle, fat, and skin from the middle back to the chest to form a breast mound.. Advantages. This flap is more easily created and contains a robust vascular supply compared to other flaps such as transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap or deep inferior.

Autologous Flaps (utilizing patient's own body tissue). Latissimus Dorsi Flap (back flap) Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Flap (DIEP - taking fat from the abdomen) Fat Grafting; Liposuction and contourin Flap reconstruction. With any of the flap techniques, Dr. Michaels repositions your own skin, fat and muscle tissues to create a breast mound, cover the existing breast tissue or produce a sufficient amount of tissue to cover an implant. The two principal flap techniques involve either a TRAM flap or a latissimus dorsi flap. TRAM flap

Latissimus Dorsi Flap - Breast Reconstruction

During the LD flap surgery, Gina says, the latissimus dorsi muscle was removed from my back and placed on top of the implants, creating a softer look using my own tissue.. This second reconstruction effort, while producing a great result, was a more extensive procedure and entailed a longer recovery Breast Reconstruction Latissimus Dorsi Flap Creating the breast utilizing a portion of the upper back muscle, skin and fatty tissue. Commonly used in conjunction with breast implants and to replace damaged skin from radiation changes

Latissimus Dorsi Flap. Sometimes, tissue is taken from the latissimus dorsi muscle of the upper back and brought around to create the breast envelope in breast reconstruction following a mastectomy. 6 As in the pedicled TRAM flap, the latissimus dorsi tissue maintains its original blood supply. The donor tissue is moved around towards the. The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to replace a defect on the upper arm. Silverton JS, Nahai F, Jurkiewicz MJ. Silverton JS, et al. Br J Plast Surg. 1978 Jan;31(1):29-31. doi: 10.1016/0007-1226(78)90010-3 Latissimus Dorsi Flap. The latissimus dorsi flap is like the TRAM flap but the skin, muscle and fat is relocated from the woman's back by tunneling to the mastectomy site. This flap remains attached to the original blood supply. DIEP Flap. This technique refers to a deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap known as DIEP

2 - Combination of Implant and Autologous Tissue Reconstruction. With this combination option, tissue from the back (the latissimus dorsi muscle), along with an implant, is used to reconstruct the breast. 3 - Autologous Tissue Breast Reconstruction. This is the construction of your new breast using your body's own fat instead of an. This procedure is also referred to as the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap or the lat flap. In suitable candidates, tissue from the back is transferred to the front to help build a new breast. This procedure provides a nice contour to the breast, is very reliable, and can be combined with either a staged tissue expander or immediate breast. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine A large flap of latissimus dorsi muscle with its overlying skin and fat is cut out and elevated. A tunnel is then made between the back and the breast area to tunnel the muscle flap. An implant is inserted, if desired, through a small incision on the breast. The flap is attached through this small incision, along with its intact blood supply Latissimus Dorsi Flap (Back) The use of the latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap was one of the first methods of breast reconstruction. The latissimus dorsi muscle (of the lat) is a broad, flat, roughly triangular muscle of the back. It extends from the thoracic spine and sweeps downward to the posterior iliac crest

A portion of the latissimus dorsi muscle is removed but modern techniques minimize the amount of muscle tissue needed to achieve a healthy and viable flap. TAP Flap The TAP (thoracodorsal artery perforator) flap is a more complicated reconstructive procedure than the Lat flap that involves transferring a smaller segment of skin and fat from the. LATISSIMUS DORSI FLAP. An oval section of skin, fat, and latissimus dorsi muscle is detached and slid around through a tunnel under the skin to the breast area. Blood vessels remain attached whenever possible. The tissue is shaped into a natural-looking breast and sewn into place Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap for Reconstruction --> The Latissimus Dorsi Muscle is the largest muscle in the body. It is located towards the lateral torso & the back. The aim of this blog is to provide a link between the complex medical sciences and the treatment methods involved and the layperson receiving the service; that is you. Many. Developed by Australian plastic surgeon, Dr Mark Lee at St John of God Hospital in Western Australia, the scarless latissimus dorsi (lat dorsi) flap is a new approach to the traditional lat dorsi breast reconstruction method that not only avoids scars to a woman's back but also has been shown to have fewer complication rates, shorter operating time and good aesthetic outcomes

Latissimus Dorsi Reconstruction and Functional Implications of the Shoulder Many patients have beautiful results after latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction, but we ought to recognize the potential compromise of myocutaneous flap procedures on shoulder and core function, counsel patients accordingly, and offer early intervention with. One mastectomy with latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction later, I am left in chronic pain. Onwards to 2018. A new eight cm primary tumor on the other side with positive lymph nodes pops up. Later we suspect that this tumor is actually metastatic disease that landed in the breast. I'm unsteady while on neoadjuvant chemo A latissimus dorsi flap is a surgical procedure used to reconstruct a woman's breast following a mastectomy. The latissimus dorsi is a flat, wide muscle which runs diagonally down from the armpit to the spine.Although the muscle plays a part in some actions involving the shoulder and arm, removing a section to create a flap usually does not cause much loss of movement in everyday activities The superficial group of back muscles consists of 5 muscles. Latissimus dorsi anatomy. It acts mainly on the shoulder joint being the prime mover in both shoulder adduction and shoulder extension and a strong synergist in internal rotation. The pectoralis major is also a synergist muscle. The latissimus dorsi muscle the lats is the widest. The Back Flap Technique for breast reconstruction is a single stage procedure in which the breast is reconstructed using skin and muscle from the back. In most instances a small breast implant is added for bulk. In some cases the muscle. skin and fat provide enough volume to form the entire breast. The Latissimus Dorsi Muscle is expendable

Latissimus Dorsi Flap experiences? - mdybas's Question

  1. 2. INTRODUCTION • The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDMF) is one of the most reliable and versatile flaps used in reconstructive surgery. It is known for its use in chest wall and postmastectomy reconstruction and has also been used effectively for coverage of large soft tissue defects in the head and neck, either as a pedicled flap or.
  2. The excision involved removing skin, fat, muscle as well as bone. We then reconstructed the defect using the body's largest muscle, situated on the back. (for the medically inclined: a pedicled latissimus dorsi myofasciocutaneous flap) I hope the pictures do some justice. Let me know what you think
  3. Generally, when we perform latissimus flap breast reconstruction, we will try to denervate the muscle by dividing the nerve to the latissimus muscle. This helps to prevent animation and muscle spasm in the reconstructed breast. If the muscle spasm you are experiencing is in your breast where the latissimus muscle has been relocated to, it might.

Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap - Microsurgeon

  1. Authors : Rani Makhoul, Philippe Levan, Omar Madani, Samer JabbourBreast reconstruction with a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap.0:22 markings1:24 positioning1:..
  2. Latissimus Dorsi Flap (LD) Latissimus Dorsi Flap with Tissue Expander (LD + TE) Latissimus Dorsi Flap with Implant (LD + Implant) *Our blog entries are written in order to further educate our patients and raise awareness towards topics related to plastic surgery. Any solutions offered on this blog are intended to help possible patients.
  3. The latissimus dorsi flap is most commonly combined with a tissue expander or implant, to give the surgeon additional options and more control over the aesthetic appearance of the reconstructed breast. This flap provides a source of soft tissue that can help create a more natural looking breast shape as compared to an implant alone

Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Reconstruction - Dallas, T

As a control group, the area of the contralateral latissimus dorsi muscle was also calculated for comparison with the volume decrease of normal muscle. (See figure, Supplemental Digital Content 1, which displays the method of calculating the area of muscle and fat portion of the flap and contralateral latissimus dorsi muscle. Both right and. During the latissimus dorsi flap reconstructive procedure, an oval section of skin, muscles, fat, and blood vessels are tunneled from your upper back, under your arm to the chest. This option allows for the artery vessels and vein vessels of the flap to remain attached to their original blood supply in the back When back tissue is used for breast reconstruction, it involves the latissimus dorsi muscle, along with the skin and fat that covers the muscle. This procedure is called a latissimus dorsi (LD) flap. The tissue from your back is removed and moved to the front of your chest, with the arteries and veins still attached Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Reconstruction. The latissimus dorsi flap procedure takes a portion of the skin, fatty tissue and muscle from the back and transfers it under the skin to the chest wall to reconstruct a new breast. This can be done at the same time as a mastectomy or in a delayed fashion if a mastectomy was done in the past

Introduction to Going Flat After Breast Implant Removal. Explant is the surgical removal of breast implants.According to Dr. H. Jae Chun, whose practice is focused exclusively on explant surgery, proper explant also includes complete removal of the scar tissue that forms around the implants (total capsulectomy), and is especially critical in cases where the patient is experiencing symptoms of. Latissimus Dorsi/Expander Reconstruction This technique involves repositioning one of the back muscles to the front of the chest to restore the front of the breast to its natural shape. Utilizing the latissimus dorsi muscle can help reduce the tendency for implant rippling and can allow the surgeon to create a smaller scar on the breast Flap surgery is the most complex option for women seeking reconstruction. Surgeons typically remove skin, fat, and sometimes muscle from the belly area (either a TRAM, DIEP, or SIEA flap, depending on what tissues and blood vessels are being removed). Other types of flap procedures take tissue from the back (latissimus dorsi flap), the butt.

Sisters In Scars-Latissimus Dorsi LAT or LD Fla

  1. Latissimus Dorsi Flap in Breast Reconstruction: Recent Innovations in the Workhorse Flap. Sood R, Easow JM, Konopka G, Panthaki ZJ. Cancer Control, 25(1):1073274817744638, 01 Jan 2018 Cited by: 6 articles | PMID: 29334788 | PMCID: PMC5933575. Review Free to read & us
  2. The TAP flap can be rotated from the upper back and positioned on the chest wall to use in partial breast reconstruction or to help correct a lumpectomy dent. The TAP flap contains skin and subcutaneous fat that lies over the latissimus dorsi muscle, but includes a perforating vessel that is attached to the thoracodorsal artery
  3. A latissimus flap is another autologous reconstruction surgery that uses tissue from the back. The latissimus dorsi muscle is located just behind your armpit below your shoulder. This surgery uses all of the muscle, fat, and skin to reshape the breast. If there is not enough tissue on the stomach to perform a DIEP or TRAM flap, this surgery can.
  4. Latissimus dorsi flap. Gluteal free flap. The gluteal free flap orGAP (gluteal artery perforator) flap is newer type of reconstruction surgery that uses tissue from the buttocks, including the gluteal muscle, to create the breast shape. It might be an option for women who cannot or do not wish to use the tummy sites due to thinness, incisions.
  5. The latissimus dorsi flap (LAT FLAP) is a tissue flap method first utilized in the 1970's that uses muscle and skin from your upper back to create a new breast mound after mastectomy. This procedure is generally combined with a tissue expander or implant, giving the surgeon additional options for the reconstructed breast
  6. As with all flap procedures, the surgical risks are higher do to the complexity of the operations. Also, the S-GAP and I-GAP surgeries take longer than all other flap surgeries. Unlike TRAM or DIEP surgeries, however, the S-GAP and I-GAP can be performed again if unsuccessful the first time around. The Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap
  7. Latissimus dorsi flap (back) The use of the latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap was one of the first methods of breast reconstruction. The latissimus dorsi muscle (of the lat) is a broad, flat, roughly triangular muscle of the back. It extends from the thoracic spine and sweeps downward to the posterior iliac crest

Sometimes a breast implant may be combined with use of the TRAM flap, particularly for bilateral reconstructions. Another method for using the patient's own tissues is the latissimus dorsi flap or LD flap. This procedure relocates part of the latissimus dorsi muscle of the back with overlying skin and fatty tissue to the breast area Blog Press Information. Linguee Apps . Linguee They contributed to the nonfunctioning muscle flap laboratory noninvasive diagnosis after the performance of a cardiomyoplasty with the latissimus dorsi muscle . Latissimus dorsi transfer for the treatment of massive tears of the rotator cuff . rbo.org.br Dr. Dreschnack did a fantastic job with my smart lipo, the stomach area I didn't feel a thing at all. The inner thighs were a little painful as far as recovery time, but the results were fantastic. I would recommend him, he was very detailed, he took his time, he was patient, he was a perfectionist with everything he did and went above and. Published long-term outcomes of oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery are scarce and, specifically, aesthetic outcomes assessed with an objective method have not previously been published. A cohort of 41 patients treated with a quadrantectomny and immediate reconstruction using a myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap were analyzed and their aesthetic outcomes were evaluated objectively by BCCT. Latissimus Dorsi procedure—In a breast reconstruction, it is important to secure breast implants or tissue expanders in place. This can be done with the patient's own tissue using the Latissimus Dorsi technique. This procedure utilizes an area of muscle and sometimes skin (depending on the patient) from the back to cover the implant or.

44 year old presented with a very large skull defect following subarachnoid hemorrhage, infection and loss of bone flap. Following eradication of the infection the composite skin and bone defect was reconstructed with a free latissimus dorsi and two vascularized ribs flap Latissimus Dorsi Cramps arise due to strained latissimus dorsi muscle. This condition is known to affect the spinal region, shoulders and the upper arms. The common activities that can result in the Latissimus Dorsi Cramps are swimming, baseball, gymnastics, chopping wood, shoveling, swinging and rock climbing. The healing of the Latissimus Dorsi Cramps take time depending upon the extent of. The latissimus dorsi flap surgery takes an oval flap of skin, fat, muscle, and blood vessels with the blood vessels (artery and vein) of the flap left attached to their original blood supply in your back. Because the flap contains a significant amount of muscle, a latissimus dorsi flap is considered a muscle-transfer type of flap A latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction is considered a muscle-transfer type of flap. This method is a good option for women with small- to medium-sized breasts because the area of the back where the tissue originates doesn't have a great deal of fat. In most cases, a breast implant has to be placed under the flap to achieve the desired shape. Stacked or hybrid techniques may be used, or a flap reconstruction combined with an implant. Your Body Type; If you are thin, you may not have enough extra tissue on your belly for a TRAM, DIEP, or SIEA flap. You may be a candidate for a GAP, TUG, PAP, or latissimus dorsi flap. The latissimus flap is almost always combined with an implant

The regional pedicled latissimus flap offered a promising reconstructive choice in this case, as the blood supply and flap were unaffected by the tumour anatomy. A unilateral latissimus dorsi muscle was determined to have sufficient reach to cover the resultant large anterior chest wall defect The standard Latissimus Dorsi Flap procedure involves harvesting tissue from the latissimus muscle on the patient's back, which is then used to reconstruct a new breast mound. This procedure is suitable for patients who may have had radiation therapy, but are not candidates for tissues expansions or permanent implants alone Latissimus flap breast reconstruction. The latissimus dorsi flap method is a standard method for breast reconstruction that has been in use for more than thirty years. This method uses skin from your back, and is commonly combined with a tissue expander and breast implant to complete the reconstructed breast

FYI<br />The thoracodorsal artery is the primary source of blood supply to the latissimus dorsi flap.<br />The muscle flap, with or without attached skin, is elevated off of the back and brought around to the front of the chest wall. <br />The main vessels remain attached to the body to ensure proper blood supply to the flap A systematic review of functional donor-site morbidity after latissimus dorsi muscle transfer. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014;134:303-14. CAS Article Google Scholar 13. Giordano S, Kaariainen K, Alavaikko J, Kaistila T, Kuokkanen H. Latissimus dorsi free flap harvesting may affect the shoulder joint in long run The TRAM reconstruction process is very similar to the latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction, but in this case, the section of skin and muscle tissue is taken from the abdomen rather than the back. Typically, this tissue also includes more fat than a latissimus dorsi approach, which can eliminate the need for a breast implant for added volume